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Judge rules for John Rust in lawsuit to get on U.S. Senate GOP primary ballot

U.S. Rep. Jim Banks (R-Columbia City) might have an opponent on the ballot for next year’s U.S. Senate primary after all.

A judge ruled in favor of southern Indiana egg farmer John Rust Thursday, in a lawsuit challenging the state’s ballot access law.

There are two ways an Indiana candidate can run in a Republican or Democratic primary. They must have voted in that party’s primary in the last two primary elections in which they cast a ballot — that’s up from one primary, a change made in 2021 — or, they have to get the permission of the county party leader where they live.

John Rust doesn’t meet those requirements. He voted in the 2016 GOP primary, but cast Democratic ballots more than 10 years ago. And his local party leader refuses to allow him access.

Rust sued — and Marion County Judge Patrick Dietrick ruled in his favor.

Dietrick wrote that while the U.S. Supreme Court has acknowledged the right of political parties to decide their own members, the election itself is run and financed by the state. And so the ballot access law must serve the citizens’ interests, not just the political party’s. And Dietrick wrote, “there is no compelling or even rational government interest being served here.”

Dietrick’s ruling also noted that the ballot access law doesn’t meet its purported purpose, which is to ensure party membership or commitment to the political party. Because Indiana primaries are open to any voter, the law can’t guarantee that voting in a Republican primary, for instance, ensures that voter is a Republican.

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And there’s recent proof. Dietrick noted that just last year, two candidates ran as Democrats in Owen County, Indiana, despite openly saying they were Republicans.

Dietrick also said there is U.S. Supreme Court precedent to strike down Indiana’s law as an unconstitutional time restriction, citing an Illinois law that was struck down because it locked people into party membership for 23 months. Indiana’s two primary rule, Dietrick argued, restricts people from running for office for at least 48 months.

An appeal of the ruling is possible. And even if upheld, Rust must still get signatures from 500 registered voters in each of the state’s nine congressional districts to appear on the ballot.

Brandon is our Statehouse bureau chief. Contact him at or follow him on Twitter at @brandonjsmith5.

Copyright 2023 IPB News. To see more, visit .

Brandon Smith is excited to be working for public radio in Indiana. He has previously worked in public radio as a reporter and anchor in mid-Missouri for KBIA Radio out of Columbia. Prior to that, he worked for WSPY Radio in Plano, Illinois as a show host, reporter, producer and anchor. His first job in radio was in another state capitol, in Jefferson City, Missouri, as a reporter for three radio stations around Missouri. Brandon graduated from the University of Missouri-Columbia with a Bachelor of Journalism in 2010, with minors in political science and history. He was born and raised in Chicago.